New industrial units in Central Europe are being developed at twice the rate of last year. More than 500,000 sqm of units were built (last year: 260,000 sqm) and almost two million sqm of industrial property was leased in H1 2014. As a result, the vacancy rate has dropped on average below 10 percent, according to Cushman & Wakefield’s CE Industrial team.
“The take-up of new space is so high that almost all stock is leased before the actual development starts. As a result, speculative development is almost non-existent today. This trend is seen mostly in Poland and in the Czech Republic. Take-up is driven primarily by the automotive industry, but the role of online retailers is gaining in importance,” says Ferdinand Hlobil, Head of Cushman & Wakefield’s CE Industrial team.
“Poland’s industrial market is outperforming its neighbours in the CEE region both in regards to new developments and take up levels. Given the amount of warehouse space currently under construction, this year’s supply is expected to be the highest in the last five years. Take-up rose in H1 2014 by 20 percent compared with H1 2013 and leasing volume is expected to remain high throughout the rest of the year. It is important to note that small-medium sized cities in Poland, close to large conurbations are also generating interest from developers who plan to expand their development footprints,” says Tom Listowski, Partner, Head of Industrial in Poland & CEE Corporate Relations at Cushman & Wakefield.
Development 520,000 sqm was built in the first half of the year; the full-year figure for last year was almost 700,000 sqm. Around 340,000 sqm of warehouse space was delivered in Poland in H1 2014, nearly as much as in the twelve months of 2013.Around 340,000 sqm of warehouse space was delivered in Poland in H1 2014, nearly as much as in the twelve months of 2013. The majority of new units in Central Europe have been built by four developers: Panattoni, PointPark Properties, Prologis and the MLP Group.
Lease In the first half of the year, companies leased almost 1.9 million sqm of prime industrial space (the same period last year: 1.5 million sqm). The biggest take-up in the first half of the year was in Poland with more than one million sqm leased and in the Czech Republic with 570,000 sqm.
Vacancy The strong take-up squeezed the average vacancy rate across the region by more than one percent (from ten percent in January 2014 to nine percent in June). The decrease was the fastest in Hungary – by three percent. The lowest percentage of vacant space is in Slovakia (4 percent) and in the Czech Republic (6.5 percent). In Poland, the vacancy rate fell significantly from 10.9 percent at year-end 2013 to 8.8 percent at the end of June 2014, which indicates that the industrial market is definitely witnessing further expansion, especially in the established sub-markets.
Outlook For the rest of the year, experts at Cushman & Wakefield expect the industrial property market to grow at the same rate, as it has to date. “Poland has been the leader of the development market in the last ten years and will remain so, not just in Central European terms but on a European scale as well. This is primarily thanks to its constantly growing economy and the proactive approach of the country’s government. The Czech market will remain strong, but there is stillroom for improvement in terms of a more transparent and helpful approach on the part of politicians regarding international investors. A shortage of land prepared for industrial development appears to be a barrier for the future,” Mr Hlobil says.
The Hungarian and Romanian markets are slowly beginning to experience a revival that goes hand-in-hand with the positive development across the Central European region and Europe as a whole. Hungary in particular after a long period has squeezed vacancy rates below 20 percent, and a further improvement would be a clear signal for new mid-term development investments.
Slovakia is driven primarily by the Bratislava region and several major investments such as VW. A greater degree of investment and project diversity in Eastern Slovakia would certainly benefit the entire country.
“The political developments in Ukraine represent a threat for the Central European market. If the conflict escalates still further, we can expect increased prudency on the part of investors. This may gradually cause them to ‘tighten the taps’, with developers being cut off from a part of their financial resources. Also, companies are likely to cut down on their manufacturing expansion into Ukraine,” Mr Hlobil adds.
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